Residents committee and villagers committee chairpersons, vice chairpersons and members shall be elected by residents. The relations between residents committees and villagers committees and primary-level state bodies shall be prescribed by law. Article 1 (Form of State) The Republic of China, founded on the Three Principles of the People, shall be a democratic republic of the people, to be governed by the people and for the people. Chapter I. Laws and other proposals shall be adopted by a majority vote of the National People’s Congress deputies. The chairperson, vice chairpersons and the secretary general constitute a. , which handles the important day-to-day work of the National People’s Congress Standing Committee. The People's Republic of China may grant asylum to foreigners who request it for political reasons. For the articles currently implemented in Taiwan, see Additional Articles of the Constitution of the Republic of China. If the National People’s Congress Standing Committee deems it necessary, or one-fifth or more of National People’s Congress deputies so propose, a session of the National People’s Congress may be convened in the interim. the Constitution of the Republic of China (Articles One through Eleven were adopted by the second session of the Third National Assembly at its 32nd plenary meeting on July 18, 1997, and promulgated by the president on July 21, 1997. The people’s congresses of ethnic townships may, according to the authority invested in them as prescribed by law, take specific measures suited to ethnic characteristics. Citizens of the People’s Republic of China shall have the obligation to safeguard the security, honor and interests of the motherland; they must not behave in any way that endangers the motherland’s security, honor or interests. Article 46 Citizens of the People’s Republic of China shall have the right and the obligation to receive education. to the people of citizens engaged in education, science, technology, literature, art and other cultural activities. It is prohibited for any organization or individual to damage the socialist system. people, shall be the leading force in the economy. China is one of the countries with the longest histories in the world. Persons possessing the nationality of the Republic of China shall be (6) the procurator general of the Supreme People’s Procuratorate. Article 50 The People’s Republic of China shall protect the legitimate rights and interests of Chinese nationals overseas as well as the lawful rights and interests of Chinese nationals who have returned from overseas and of the family members in China of Chinese nationals overseas. We will make serious efforts to carry them out in practice. [26] The committee has never explicitly ruled that a law or regulation is unconstitutional. Article 111 Residents committees and villagers committees, established among urban and rural residents on the basis of their place of residence, are primary-level people’s organizations for self-governance. The premier shall direct the work of the State Council. improving the quality and efficiency of their work and combat bureaucratism. Citizens of the People’s Republic of China who have the right to vote and stand for election and who have reached the age of 45 are eligible for election as president or vice president of the People’s Republic of China. Article 58 The National People’s Congress and the National People’s Congress Standing Committee exercise the legislative power of the state. Article 2. Local audit offices at all levels shall, in accordance with the provisions of law, independently exercise the power to conduct auditing oversight; they shall be responsible to the people’s government at their level and to the audit office at the next level up. 2004) Page 6 • Duty to obey the constitution Article 5 The People's Republic of China exercises power in accordance with the law and establishes a socialist country under the rule of law. This problem has largely been addressed with various and ongoing reforms of Hukou in 2007. Section 4  Non-public economic sectors that are within the. The constitution stipulates that the National People's Congress (NPC) and its Standing Committee have the power to review whether laws or activities violate the constitution. institutions and other social actors to run education programs of various types in accordance with the provisions of law. Article 29 The armed forces of the People’s Republic of China belong to the people. Article 41 Citizens of the People’s Republic of China shall have the right to criticize and make suggestions regarding any state organ or state employee, and have the right to file with relevant state organs complaints, charges or reports against any state organ or state employee for violations of the law or dereliction of duty, but they shall not fabricate or distort facts to make false accusations. The Constitution of the Republic of China is the supreme law in the Republic of China.During the National Constituent Assembly session on 25 December 1946 in Nanking, the fifth and current Chinese constitution was officially adopted on 25 December 1947, at a time when the ROC still had nominal control of Mainland China and to which this constitution applied. There were significant differences between each of these versions, and the 1982 Constitution has subsequently been amended five times. The state shall, in accordance with the provisions of law. The state shall encourage citizens to participate in voluntary work. uphold a fundamental economic system under which public ownership is the mainstay and diverse forms of ownership develop together, and shall uphold an income distribution system under which distribution according to work is the mainstay, while multiple forms of distribution exist alongside it. Article 33 All persons holding the nationality of the People’s Republic of China are citizens of the People’s Republic of China. In accordance with the Constitution of the People’s Republic of China, the National People’s Congress hereby enacts the Basic Law of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region of the People’s Republic of China, prescribing the systems to be practised in the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region, in order to ensure the implementation of the basic policies of the People’s Republic of China regarding Hong … Except in cases necessary for, security or criminal investigation, when public security organs or procuratorial organs, examine correspondence in accordance with procedures prescribed by law, no organization or individual. Fundamental Rights and Obligations of Citizens. The state shall encourage and assist creative work that is. Deputies to the people’s congresses of provinces, cities directly under central government jurisdiction and cities divided into districts shall be subject to oversight by the organizations that elected them; deputies to the people’s congresses of counties, cities not divided into districts, municipal districts, townships, ethnic townships and towns shall be subject to oversight by their constituencies. It is the fourth constitution in the country's history, superseding the 1954 constitution, the 1975 constitution, and the 1978 constitution. Article 22 The state shall develop art and literature, the press, radio and television broadcasting, publishing, libraries, museums and cultural centers, and other cultural undertakings that serve the people and socialism; and shall promote public cultural activities. The National People’s Congress shall elect, and have the power to remove from office, the members of the National People’s Congress Standing Committee. Article 112 The autonomous organs of ethnic autonomous areas are the people’s congresses and the people’s governments of autonomous regions, autonomous prefectures and autonomous counties. The election of deputies to the next National People’s Congress must be completed within one year of said extraordinary circumstances coming to an end. The future of China is closely bound up with the future of the world. The state shall practice a socialist market economy. use religion to engage in activities that disrupt public order, impair the health of citizens or interfere with the state’s education system. It vests all national legislative power in the hands of the National People’s Congress and its Standing Committee. 2. The state shall foster the all-round moral, intellectual and physical development of young adults, youths and children. The system of socialist public ownership has eradicated the system of exploitation of man by man, and practices the principle of “from each according to his ability, to each according to his work.”. The Supreme People’s Court shall oversee the adjudicatory work of local people’s courts at all levels and of special people’s courts; people’s courts at higher levels shall oversee the adjudicatory work of those at lower levels. Article 118 Autonomous organs of ethnic autonomous areas shall, under the guidance of state plans, autonomously plan for and manage local economic development. [30], "Constitution of China" redirects here. 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