The whole country consists of more than a thousand volcanic islands that are home to different ethnic groups. The island of Bali is located at 8.6500 S, 115.2167 E as part of Indonesia in the South Pacific, just above Australia. This brings the total area to about 7.9 million km2.[6][7]. Countries near Indonesia include Brunei, Singapore, Christmas Island and Malaysia.Its biggest cities and towns include Jakarta, Surabaya, Medan and Bandung. During the Pleistocene, the Greater Sunda Islands were connected to the Asian mainland while New Guinea was connected to Australia. Find out where is Indonesia located. If you have a plan to spend your holiday in Bali , then this article will give you short information about where Bali is located and what makes Bali so famous, in case you feel curious why 窶ヲ With over 267,670,543 people living in Indonesia, it is dominated more by the Muslims. Indonesia is located in the southern hemisphere of Southeast Asia and extends all the way from Asia to Australia. It is located in the straight between the Pacific Ocean and the Indian Ocean. Indonesia is located between the Indian Ocean and the Pacific Ocean. Parts of Sulawesi and some islands closer to Australia, such as Sumba and Timor, are drier, however, these are exceptions. Indonesia lies between the Indian Ocean and the Pacific Ocean. Indonesia is the largest archipelago in the world. Nusa Tenggara or Lesser Sunda Islands consists of two strings of islands stretching eastward from Bali toward southern Maluku. Industrial pollution is increasing, particularly in Java, and the increasing affluence of the growing middle class drives a rapid increase in the number of motor vehicles and associated emissions. Above 3000 metres is where cold, subpolar climates dominate and where frost and occasional snow become more commonplace. So, Indonesia is the country of group of islands located in the Indian Ocean and Pacific Ocean surrounded by many small seas. 132, 179�189 (1976). Indonesia has a long history of political and economic instability and has only recently begun to grow more secure in those areas. Hamilton, W. Tectonics of the Indonesian Region Vol. Indonesia's various regional cultures have been shaped窶蚤lthough not specifically determined窶巴y centuries of complex interaction窶ヲ Bali is located in the south of Indonesia, between Lombok to the east and Java to the west. There are 8,844 islands have been named by estimates made by the Government of Indonesia, with 922 窶ヲ exclusive economic zone: 6,159,032 km2 (2,378,016 sq mi) with 200 nmi (230.2 mi; 370.4 km), Elevation extremes: [1] Indonesia's various regional cultures have been shaped—although not specifically determined—by centuries of complex interactions with its physical environment. The Maluku Islands (or Moluccas) are geologically among the most complex of the Indonesian islands, consisted of four different tectonic plates. Indonesia's high population and rapid industrialisation present serious environmental issues, which are often given a lower priority due to high poverty levels and weak, under-resourced governance. The location map of Indonesia below highlights the geographical position of Indonesia within Asia on the world map. The republic of Indonesia is a country located on the southeast continent of Asia in between the Indian and pacific oceans, some of its areas are located around the continent of Oceania. Javais the world's most populous island, where 58% of the country's population lives. Of the 400 volcanoes, approximately 150 are active. arable land: 12.97% Indonesia is the largest archipelago in the world. The subpolar oceanic climate (Köppen Cfc), existing between 3,000 and 3,500 metres, can be found on the mountain slopes of Indonesia's highest peaks, and serves as a transition between oceanic climates and tundra climates. The oceanic climate (Köppen Cfb) prevail in highland areas with fairly uniform precipitation year-round, adjacent to rainforest climates, while the subtropical highland climate (Köppen Cwb) exist in highland areas with a more pronounced dry season, adjacent to tropical monsoon and savanna climates. The most populous island is Java which is the home to the capital city of Jakarta. Tundra climates (Köppen ET), are found anywhere above 3500 metres on the highest peaks of Indonesia, including the permanently snow-capped peaks in Papua. Seismic and volcanic activities are high on its northeastern part, evidenced by the formation of volcanoes in North Sulawesi and island arcs such as the Sangihe and Talaud Islands, southwest of the Philippine Trench.[10][11][12]. Close neighboring countries are Thailand, Singapore, Philippines,Vietnam, Myanmar (Burma), Cambodia, nMalaysia. Very few Indonesians have access to safe drinking water and must boil water before use. The population density is 138 people per km (357 per sq mi), ranking 88th in the world, although Java has a population density of 1,067 people per km (2,435 per sq mi). In 1970, 15% of Indonesians lived in cities compared to over 30% today, and this increases pressure on the urban environment. lowest point: Sea level at 0 m (sea surface level); southern portion of the Philippine Trench, east of Miangas at −9,125 metres (−29,938 ft)highest point: Puncak Jaya (also known as Carstensz Pyramid) 4,884 m, Land use: [4] The discrepancy between the surveys is likely caused by the earlier different survey method including tidal islands, sandy cays and rocky reefs that surface during low tide and submerge during high tide. Although Indonesia is considered to be mainly situated within the continent of Asia, some of its territories are located within the continent of Oceania, making it a transcontinental country. The Sunda megathrust is a 5,500 km long fault located off southern coasts of Sumatra, Java and Lesser Sunda Islands, where the Pacific Plate is thrusting northeastward towards the subducting Sunda Plate. [3] While earlier survey conducted in 2002 by National Institute of Aeronautics and Space (LAPAN) stated Indonesia has 18,307 islands. + 竏�. [19][20] The tectonic movement of the Australian Plate created towering, snowcapped mountain peaks lining the island's central east-west spine and hot, humid alluvial plains along the coasts. The convergence between the Banda Sea Plate and Australian Plate created a chain of volcanic islands called the Banda Arc. However, cooler climate types do exist in mountainous regions of Indonesia 1,300–1,500 metres above sea level. Located along the Ring of Fire, Indonesia has about 400 volcanoes within its borders, with at least 90 still active in some way. Between these two shelves lie Sulawesi, Nusa Tenggara (also known as the Lesser Sunda Islands), and the Maluku Islands (or the Moluccas), which form a second island group with deep, surrounding seas down to 4,500 metres (14,764 ft) in depth. Indonesia has total land area of 1,904,569 square kilometres (735,358 sq mi), Including 93,000 square kilometres (35,908 sq mi) of inland seas (straits, bays, and other bodies of water). Indonesia, formerly known as the Republic of Indonesia, is an island country spanning into both the Indian and Pacific Oceans.Found off the coast of South East Asia, it lays claim to the unique title of being the world窶冱 largest archipelago country. The hi窶ヲ [21] The New Guinea Highlands range some 650 kilometres (404 mi) east to west along the island, forming a mountainous spine between the northern and southern portion of the island. It is located in a strategic location astride or along major sea lanes connecting East Asia, South Asia and Oceania. [29], The northern part of Sulawesi and Maluku Islands lie on the convergence of Sunda Plate and Molucca Sea Plate, making it an active tectonic region with volcanic chains such as the Sangihe and Talaud Islands. It is an archipelago that lies across the Equator and spans a distance equivalent to one-eighth of Earth窶冱 circumference. The main islands of Sumatra, Java, Madura, and Kalimantan lie on the Sunda Plate and geographers have conventionally grouped them, (along with Sulawesi), as the Greater Sunda Islands. other: 74.88% (2013), Irrigated land: 67,220 km2 (2005) (25,953 mi2), Total renewable water resources: 2,019 km3 (2011) (484 mi3), Freshwater withdrawal (domestic/industrial/agricultural): territorial sea: 12 nmi (13.8 mi; 22.2 km) Indonesia, country located off the coast of mainland Southeast Asia in the Indian and Pacific oceans. Where is Bali Located in Indonesia & Where Situated on a World Map Bali is 4,555 kilometres north from Australia and for this reason, is the main travel destination for thousands of Australians year after year. There are around 13,000 islands in Indonesia. Most of the larger islands are mountainous, with peaks ranging between 2,000 and 3,800 metres (6,562 and 12,467 ft) meters above sea level in Sumatra, Java, Bali, Lombok, Sulawesi, and Seram. If you're not quite sure where is located Yogyakarta, Java, Indonesia on a map, Geolocaliz helps you out with more than a thousand cities and countries around the world. The Indonesia archipelago is located between the Indian and Pacific oceans. Indonesian Islands experiences a hot and humid climate throughout the year. Indonesia is located South of Asia and North of Australia. It is located in a strategic location astride or along major sea lanes connecting East Asia, South Asia and Oceania. Where is Indonesia located on the world map? Neighbouring countries are: Malaysia, Papua New Guinea & East Timor. While volcanic ashes resulted from eruption has positive effects for the fertility of the surrounding soils, it also makes agricultural conditions unpredictable in some areas. The largest of these islands include Halmahera, Seram and Buru, all of which rise steeply out of very deep seas and have unique Wallacea vegetation. MG Audley-Charles, 1986, "Timor–Tanimbar Trough: the foreland basin of the evolving Banda orogen", National Coordinating Agency for Survey and Mapping, National Institute of Aeronautics and Space, List of Indonesian provinces by highest point, "Banda Sea Islands moist deciduous forests", "Terrestrial Ecoregions - Buru rain forests (AA0104)", "Biggest exposed fault on earth found in eastern Indonesia", "Big Bank Shoals of the Timor Sea: An environmental resource atlas", "7.4 magnitude earthquake near Manokwari, West Papua, Indonesia : January 03, 2009 22:33", "Terrestrial Ecoregions - Halmahera rain forests (AA0106)", "Terrestrial Ecoregions - Central Range montane rain forests (AA0105)", "Terrestrial Ecoregions - Biak-Numfoor rain forests (AA0103)", "Deforestation in Indonesia and the Orangutan Population", "Archipelagic Sea-Lanes in Indonesia – Their legality in International Law", Digital Atlas of Indonesian History by Robert Cribb, "Map of a Part of China, the Philippine Islands, the Isles of Sunda, the Moluccas, the Papuans", https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/index.html, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Geography_of_Indonesia&oldid=987976621, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles with French-language sources (fr), Wikipedia articles incorporating text from the Library of Congress Country Studies, Wikipedia articles incorporating text from the World Factbook, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Arable land, coal, petroleum, natural gas, timber, copper, lead, phosphates, uranium, bauxite, gold, iron, mercury, nickel, silver, Tsunamis; volcanoes; earthquake activity except in central part; tropical cyclones along the, This page was last edited on 10 November 2020, at 10:10. Located at the far, western edge of the archipelago, Sumatra is the largest island that is entirely in Indonesia. The geographical resources of the Indonesian archipelago have been exploited in ways that fall into consistent social and historical patterns. Indonesia, consisting of 7.508 Islands, is located on the equatorial line. [34] A number of islands off the coast of New Guinea have their own distinctive biogeographic features, including the limestone islands of Biak, in the entrance to the large Cenderawasih Bay at the northwest end of the island.[35][36]. Sea depths in the Sunda and Sahul shelves average 300 metres (984 ft) or less. And it makes Bali is more famous than Indonesia, so do not be surprised if many people know about Bali but have no idea about Indonesia. inland water: 93,000 km2) (35,907 mi2), Maritime claims: measured from claimed archipelagic baselines [37], Deforestation and the destruction of peatlands make Indonesia the world's third largest emitter of greenhouse gases. The most active volcanoes are Kelut (which has erupted more than 30 times since 1000 AD) and Merapi (which has erupted more than 80 times since 1000 AD) on Java island. Indonesia has borders with Malaysia on the huge island called Borneo, East Timor, and Papua 窶ヲ Mount Kinabalu, the 20th tallest mountain in the world, is located in Malaysia on the island of Borneo and is protected as a World Heritage site. Indonesia is divided into three time zones: Lying along the equator, Indonesia's climate tends to be relatively even year-round. These islands are located along the equator between Asia and Australia. Indonesia has relatively high tectonic and volcanic activities. Some regions, such as Kalimantan and Sumatra, experience only slight differences in rainfall and temperature between the seasons, whereas others, such as Nusa Tenggara, experience far more pronounced differences with droughts in the dry season, and floods in the wet. [14] This abrupt relief pattern from sea to high mountains means that there are very few level coastal plains. [2] According to a geospatial survey conducted between 2007 and 2010 by National Coordinating Agency for Survey and Mapping (Bakosurtanal), Indonesia has 13,466 islands. Prof. Indonesia is the world's largest archipelago with 13,677 islands (6,000 of which are inhabited). Indonesia is located between the Indian and Pacific Oceans, in between the continents of Asia and Australia. [17][18], Geomorphologists believe that the island of New Guinea is part of the Australian continent, both lies on Sahul Shelf and once joined via a land bridge during the Last glacial period. Find out here location of Balikpapan on Indonesia Map and it's information. Indonesia is an archipelagic country located in Southeast Asia, lying between the Indian Ocean and the Pacific Ocean. The government claims an exclusive economic zone of 6,159,032 km2 (2,378,016 sq mi). Area: [28] Mount Merapi, located in the Java portion of the megathrust, is the most active volcano in Indonesia and is designated as one of world's Decade Volcanoes due to the hazard it poses to the surrounding populated areas. Soc. [15][16] The sea also contains the Weber Deep, one of the deepest point in Indonesia. [30] Northern Maluku and western New Guinea is located on the convergence of Bird's Head, Philippine Sea and Caroline Plate. Indonesia is a country located in Southeast Asia, between the Indian and Pacific oceans. [13] The outer arc of Nusa Tenggara is a geological extension of the chain of islands west of Sumatra that includes Nias, Mentawai, and Enggano. Where is Bali Located in Indonesia & Where Situated on a World Map Bali is 4,555 kilometres north from Australia and for this reason, is the main travel destination for thousands of Australians year after year. The coastal plains averaging 28 °C (82.4 °F), the inland and mountain areas averaging 26 °C (78.8 °F), and the higher mountain regions, 23 °C (73.4 °F). total: 113.3 km3/yr (11%/19%/71%) [31][32][33], Borneo is the third largest island in the world and the native vegetation was mostly Borneo lowland rain forests although much of this has been cleared with wildlife retreating to the Borneo montane rain forests inland. [24] The country's tallest mountains are located in the Jayawijaya Mountains and the Sudirman Range in Papua. Country City Latitude Longitude Indonesia archipelagic state located between the Indian and Pacific oceans The closest countries to Indonesia are listed below in order of increasing distance. This makes it the largest island country in the world. Indonesia is an archipelagic country located in Southeast Asia, lying between the Indian Ocean and the Pacific Ocean. [5] It comprises five main islands: Sumatra, Java, Borneo (known as Kalimantan in Indonesia), Sulawesi, and New Guinea; two major island groups (Nusa Tenggara and the Maluku Islands) and sixty smaller island groups. A string of volcanoes stretches from Sumatra to Nusa Tenggara,[25] and then loops around through to the Banda Islands of Maluku to northeastern Sulawesi. [8][9] Karimata Strait, Java Sea and Arafura Sea were formed as the sea level rose at the end of the Pleistocene. Four of the islands are shared with other countries: Borneo is shared with Malaysia and Brunei; Sebatik, located off the northeastern coast of Kalimantan, shared with Malaysia; Timor is shared with East Timor; and New Guinea is shared with Papua New Guinea. ্ণুপ্রিয়া মণিপুরী, Словѣньскъ / ⰔⰎⰑⰂⰡⰐⰠⰔⰍⰟ, Srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Indonesian Workers Placement and Protection, This page was last edited on 19 December 2020, at 18:02. Sulawesi is an island lies on three separate plates, the Banda Sea Plate, Molucca Sea Plate, and Sunda Plate. Indonesia is a country of team islands located in Southeast Asia. Winds are moderate and generally predictable, with monsoons usually blowing in from the south and east in June through October and from the northwest in November through March. Indonesia is located in Southeast Asia. Balikpapan lies between latitudes -1.26753 and longitudes 116.8288727. Carter, D. J., Audley-Charles, M. G. & Barber, A. J. Stratigraphical analysis of island arc-continental margin collision in eastern Indonesia. The area's relative humidity ranges between 70 and 90%. The given Indonesia location map shows the accurate geographical position of Indonesia. It lies on the convergence between the Eurasian, Indo-Australian, Pacific, and Philippine Sea Plate. Rainfall in Indonesia is plentiful, particularly in west Sumatra, northwest Kalimantan, west Java, and western New Guinea. Indonesia is known as the world窶冱 largest archipelago state. Welcome! The almost uniformly warm waters that make up 81% of Indonesia's area ensure that temperatures on land remain fairly constant. Location of Indonesia. [1] The additional surrounding sea areas bring Indonesia's generally recognised territory (land and sea) to about 5 million km2. [38] Habitat destruction threatens the survival of indigenous and endemic species, including 140 species of mammals identified by the World Conservation Union (IUCN) as threatened, and 15 identified as critically endangered, including the Sumatran Orangutan.[39]. per capita: 517.3 m3/yr (2005), Natural resources: coal, petroleum, natural gas, tin, nickel, timber, bauxite, copper, fertile soils, gold, silver. ( 6,000 of which are inhabited ) most of Indonesia in the ruggedly mountainous islands of and. Is uniform between the Indian Ocean and the Pacific Ocean small seas,! 70 and 90 % archipelago is located between the Indian Ocean and the Pacific Ocean eastern. Divided into three time zones: lying along the equator between Asia and Australia km2! And economic instability and has only recently begun to grow more secure in those areas countries to Indonesia listed! Access to safe drinking water and must boil water before use to the west summer or winter precipitation is.. 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