Anti-hypertensive activity of Alang – Alang (Imperata cylindrica (L.) Beauv. A biosystematic study of the genus Imperata (Gramineae: Andropogoneae). Effects of Temperature, photoperiod, and population     source on the growth of cogongrass (Imperata cylindrica). 1998. (24) 1985. Highest activity was shown by the methanol extract of leaves against P, aeruginosa (11.67 ± 8.14 mm) at 50 mg/ml. (1) pp. Minno, M. C. and M. Minno. Manual of the Grasses of the United States (2nd ed. in Java, pp. Hubbard, C. E., R. O. Whyte, D. Brown, and A. P. Gray. A. Camus, Japanese stilt grass, is an invasive, exotic grass currently established in sixteen eastern states (Swearington, 1997). Literature records and on-line databases suggest an extensive number of potential natural enemies, including pathogens, arthropods, and other invertebrates found within and outside of North America. Biology, ecology, and management of cogongrass Imperata cylindrica (L.) Beauv. / DOI:10.4268/cjcmm20121523 Willard, T. R. and D. G. Shilling. A new species of the genus Heterodera from China (Nematoda:     Tylenchida: Heteroderidae). major in the United States are a likely source of genetic variation in the growth potential and range of different populations and ecotypes present in the United States (Patterson et al., 1980; Gabel, 1982). Currently the most effective management strategies in the United States have involved integrating mechanical (e.g., discing, mowing), cultural (e.g., burning), chemical (e.g., herbicide applications of glyphosate and imazapyr), and revegetation methods (Shilling and Gaffney, 1995; Dozier et al., 1998). The potential of O. javanica as a biological control agent in Indonesia was determined to be limited due to the presence and impact of natural enemies (Mangoendihardjo, 1975). (41) In greenhouse trials, the application of spore suspensions of these fungi containing 105 spores/ ml in a 1% aqueous gelatin solution to cogongrass plants and their incubation in a dew chamber for 1998. 3, No. 1951. Resultant infestation of I. cylindrica by the gall midge varies from 0 to 18% (Mangoendihardjo, 1975). Regional Center for Tropical Biology, Bogor, Indonesia. Read "Cogon grass ( Imperata cylindrica ), a potential biomass candidate for bioethanol: cell wall structural changes enhancing hydrolysis in a mild alkali pretreatment regime, Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture" on DeepDyve, the largest online rental service for scholarly research with thousands … (14) anti-hyperglycemic potentials of medicinal plants. Cogon grass produces a very aggressive rhizome that has a very sharp and point tip. King, S. E. and J. Diuretic effects of selected Thai indigenous medicinal plants in rats / Bungom Sripanidkulchai et al / Journal of Ethnopharmacology, Vol 75, Issues 2-3, May 2001, Pages 185-190 / doi:10.1016/S0378-8741(01)00173-8 Grass Genera of the World: Descriptions, Illustrations,     Identification and Information Retrieval; including Synonyms, Morphology, Anatomy, Physiology,     Phytochemistry, Cytology, Classification, Pathogens, World and Local Distribution, and References. Results showed the extract decoction of CJI lowered systolic blood pressure and protected the heart by oxidative stress diminution on spontaneous systolic rat. The holocellulose, cellulose, lignin, 1% NaOH solubility, hot water solubility and ash contents were quantified to analyse its chemical characteristics. (3) Fact Sheet. However, because O. javanica does not directly harm the plant’s rhizomes, it is unlikely to control the plant by itself (Brook, 1989). However, Abate® gave better result. Their results demonstrated promising levels of disease severity and weed mortality when the efficacy of the inundative innoculum was enhanced with the addition of an oil emulsion adjuvant (Fig. 1999. Wetlands 20: 2. Clayton, W. D. 1972. Cogon grass after leaching with 0.1 M HCl and calcination at 600 °C and at 700 °C for 2h and 4 h, respectively, had a broad peak at 22 ° indicating that amorphous silica is the main phase; the XRD pattern of silica extracted by acid treatment and calcination at 700 °C for 2 h was similar to that in the literature .. As shown in Table 2, cogon grass … Enhancement of efficacy of Bipolaris sacchari     (E. Butler) Shoem., a bioherbicide agent of cogongrass [Imperata cylindrica (L.) Beauv. Results suggest potential for the extract as a lead compound for formulation of anticancer agents for treatment of oral cancers. major (Jess.) It has been reported that while the structural carbohydrates in cell wall increase with the maturity of the grasses, the reverse … The pulp was subjected to different treatments before it was made into a cardboard like material. Secondly, DNA fingerprinting (Amplified Fragment Length Polymorphisms) should be used to identify the native range of U.S. cogon grass varieties. 53-54. comm.). Hubbard et al. 1994. Imperata cylindrica: Taxonomy,     distribution, economic significance and control. Moosavi-nia, H. and J. Dore. http://nt.ars-grin.gov/SBML. Restoration and Management Notes 13(2): 227. Apart from the United States, field surveys for pathogens of I. cylindica have been made only in Malaysia (Caunter, 1996). Chemical constituents from Imperata cylindrica / Liu Xuan, Zhang Binfeng, Chou Guixin, Yang Li, Wang Zhengtao / Chinese Journal of Material Medica, 2010: 99. Chemical control Many reviews on the use of herbicides for the control of I. cylindrica are available (Brook, 1989; Townson, 1991; Terry et al. In Proceedings of the Sixth Asian-Pacific Weed Science     Society, Jakarta, Indonesia, July 11-17, 1997. (25) Cogongrass in Alabama after sixty years. It has been found at latitiudes from 45°N (Japan) to 45°S (New Zealand), and from sea level to over 2,000 m elevation (Holm et al., 1977). Wilcut, J. W., R. R. Dute, B. Truelove, and D. E. Davis. Willd. It is established at some locations in Louisiana, South Carolina (Allen et al., 1991; Bryson and Carter, 1993), southern Georgia (Byrd and Bryson, 1999; Coile, pers. (21) Silica was the major component of all the calcined cogon grass samples . The rather older or trivial names of glycosides usually Dickens, R. 1974. Weekly USGS science for the week of May 31, 1999.     http://in.water.usgs.gov/, (accessed December 27, 1999). FOR. In addition, cogon grass can significantly alter the structure and function of invaded communities (Holm et al., 1977; Lippincott, 1997). In addition to the above, work with existing and new pathogens is needed both in the area of developing effective bioherbicides and to explore the potential of possible introductions of host specific foreign pathogens. • Antihyperglycemic / Roots: Study evaluated the inhibitory activity of methanolic extract of roots on glucose absorption level in intestine of male Wistar rats. 1990. U.S. Department of Agriculture, Agricultural Research Service, Southern     Weed Science Laboratory, Stoneville, Mississippi, USA. Leaves are harsh and linear, 0.5 to 1 meter long; 6 to 15 millimeters wide. However, a single herbicide application can cost as much as $400/ha. For newer patches, tillage can eliminate cogongrass from an area if continued during the course of a growing season. The larva enters I. cylindrica between the lower leaf sheaths to penetrate the shoot apical meristem, where it forms a cell in which it develops and pupates (Soerjani, 1970). Crude extract and some of the purified polysaccharides enhance the proliferation of murine splenocytes. Outside the genus Imperata, the species most closely related to I. cylindrica that are native to the eastern United States are five species in the genus Erianthus (Hitchcock and Chase, 1951; Clayton, 1972; Campbell, 1985). Aggregating Activity of Extracts of Indonesian Medicinal Plants, Graminone Kew Bulletin     27: 457-474. Center, T. D., J. H. Frank, and F. A. Dray, Jr. 1995. (1944) recognized five varieties of I. cylindrica worldwide: major, africana, europaea, latifolia, and condensata, with the most widely distributed variety, major, occurring in the United States. 1979. B, a Novel Lignan with Vasodilative Activity from Imperata cylindrica English: Cogon grass Tagalog: Kugon. Ecophysiological and technological factors influencing the management of     Cogongrass (Imperata cylindrica). Gainesville, Florida, USA. Soerjani, M. 1970. Gaffney, J. F. 1996. (1977) periodically surveyed I. cylindrica, and respectively found one Hemiptera species, and three planthopper species. Weed Technology 4: 658-660. Isolation Plant materials from this grass were brought to the greenhouse and sun dried on a metal bench for three days, and then chopped … 1978. In general, cogongrass is composed of three main components: Cellulose, hemicellulose, and lignin . Cogongrass in     the United States: History, ecology, impacts, and management. reaction and can be readily hydrolyzed into its components with ferments or mineral acids. The maturity of the grass is the key factor that determines the quantity of cell wall (cellulose, hemicellulose and lignin) and other cell components (protein, lipid and sugars) in the grass. Biomass is the only renewable energy that can directly substitute coal in many applications (e.g., ... component of biomass that is converted into solid char and is computed using the formula shown below ]: Chemistry comes into the picture when a grass seed begins to grow. In the southeastern United States, the red imported fire ant (Solenopsis invicta Buren) is one potential predator that may reduce the potential of O. javanica to suppress I. cylindrica. cogon grass Taxonomic Tree; Domain: Eukaryota Kingdom: Plantae Phylum ... authority should be consulted to determine which products are legally allowed for use in your country when considering chemical control. Chase). (31) SENTENCE: Dave's been out in his backyard all day trying to get rid of the cogon grass. A red-tipped ornamental cultivar, Imperata cylindrica ‘Rubra,’ is extensively promoted as Red Baron, or Japanese Blood Grass, in many other states (Hall, 1998; C. Bryson, pers. Varying in form, from loose to compact tufts, cogon grass is strongly rhizomatous with extensive, sharply pointed, creeping scaly rhizomes (Holm. Dahlgren et al. Results showed antihyperglycemic activity with significant (p<0.05) reduction in glucose absorption in intestines of rats. Cogongrass: problems and solutions. Having no dormancy, seeds are highly germinable (90% or higher), but often with low spikelet fill (less than 40%) in natural populations. Flowering is variable between individual plants and stands, but generally occurs in spring or fall, and often in response to a range of disturbances (e.g., burning, mowing, soil disturbance) throughout the year. Differences in the areas of origin of the various introductions of I. cylindrica var. Market and Trade     Economics Division, Economic Research Service, U.S. Department of Agriculture. Sandhills, flatwoods, hardwood hammocks, sand dunes, grasslands, river margins, swamps, scrub, and wet pine savanna communities all are invaded by cogon grass. The response of Imperata cylindrica to chemical control followed     by revegetation with desirable species, pp. • Phytoconstituents / Antihepatitis / Rhizomes: Study of rhizomes of I. cylindrica var. The study Bryson, C. T. and R. Carter. Julien, M. H. and M. W. Griffiths (eds.). Pl. Imperata cylindrica var. Identification and Biology of Non-native Plants in     Florida’s Natural Areas. Economic damage. Biological control of tropical grassy weeds, pp. Countries that have lots of grasslands and fields that are still growing naturally. Hall, D. W. 1998. (46) merit further evaluation as potential bioherbicides (Charudattan, 1997). (48) Florida Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services. Effect of a herbal extract powder (YY-312) from Imperata cylindrica Beauvois, Citrus unshiu Markovich, and Evodia officinalis Dode on body fat mass in overweight adults: a 12-week, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, parallel-group clinical trial / Young-Gyu Cho, Jio-Hye Jung, Jae-Heon Kang, Jin Soo Kwon et al / BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicinevolume 17, Article number: 375 (2017) / Trial registration : cris.nih.go.kr: (KCT0001225). Patterson, D. T. and C. G. McWhorter. Distribution and control of cogongrass (Imperata     cylindrica) in Mississippi. (10) Signifcant quantities of grass biomass are also obtained in municipal areas due to horticultural activities. There also are minor traditional uses for human foods and medicines (Holm et al., 1977; Watson and Dallwitz, 1992). (1985) placed Imperata in the Saccharum Group, including Saccharum L., Imperata, and Eulaliopsis Honda. Internal Report, CIBC Sabah Substation, Tuaran, Malaysia. These include use for thatch, forage, erosion control, paper making, and bedding material for livestock. BIOTROP Bulletin No. Clayton, W. D. 1981. 1997. Cogon grass seedling survivorship is low with less than 20% of emergent seedlings surviving to one year. Introduction of this midge to infested areas outside of southeast Asia was recommended as early as 1975 (Mangoendihardjo, 1975), but no introductions were ever made. The study failed to show any effect on urine output and sodium excretion and indicates the need for critical reviews on the recommendations of empiric traditional use of plant materials. Medicinal plants used by the Hre community in the Ba to district of central Vietnam / Vo Van Minh*, Nguyen Thi Kim Yen, Phạm Thi Kim Thoa / Journal of Medicinal Plants Studies, 2014, Vol 2, Issue 3, pp 64-71 (1999) have conducted greenhouse and miniplot trials with isolates of Bipolaris sacchari (E. Butler) Shoemaker and Drechslera gigantea (Heald and F. A. Wolf) Kaz. 981-986. comm.). Celignis founder Daniel Hayes has considerable experience in the chemical and near-infrared analysis of grasses and has characterised a large number of samples from a wide variety of species. showed no significant lowering in blood glucose levels with Imperata Ravenell (1985) lists twelve pathogenic fungi identified on cogon grass in Alabama. major, hybrids might exhibit both invasiveness and cold tolerance, allowing for significant range extension to the north and west (Shilling et al., 1997). Chemical Composition and Hepatoprotective activity of Imperata cylindrica Beauv / Gamal A. Mohamed et al / RESEARCH ARTICLE, 2009; 5(17): pp 28-36 Infestation by O. javanica also may vector various pathogens. (29) PLANTS Database. For example, Deltamethrin (the active ingredient in Delta Dust ) kills by acting as a high-power poison to the insect's central nervous system. Cogon grass, or also known as Imperata cylindrica, is grass that normally grows in the grasslands of tropical and subtropical countries.Native to Asia, Australia, Africa, and southern Europe. The hemicellulose was the most digestible fraction of the cell wall … Thirdly, intensive surveys of natural enemies of the native I. brevifolia in the southwestern United States might yield indigenous biological control agents able to attack I. cylindrica if introduced into the southeast. M. S. thesis, North Carolina State University, Raleigh,     North Carolina, USA. Imperial Agricultural Bureaux Joint Publication 7:     1-63. Other fungi known as cogon grass pathogens pose greater difficulties because of conflicting or confusing taxonomy or insufficient information. Evans (1987, 1991) suggested that some of the known pathogens of cogon grass should be considered for introduction to the United States as classical biological control agents. Ph.D.     dissertation, Iowa State University, Ames, Iowa, USA. Cogon grass description. Imperata cylindrica ‘Rubra’ is very cold tolerant (Shilling et al., 1997), and has persisted in Michigan for several years in an ornamental garden (C. Bryson, pers. PubMed:Allelopathic exudates of cogongrass (Imperata cylindrica): implications … CABI Publishing, Kuala Lumpur,     Malaysia. (10) 2), and recreational and natural areas (Bryson and Carter, 1993; Dozier et al., 1998; Willard et al., 1990). This study evaluated the effect of decoction of CA (9mg), JG (9mg) and IC (5.4mg), once daily for 5 weeks. Tech., 2011; 1: pp 63-66 Hitchcock, A. S., and A. Problems with cogon grass often have arisen on lands cleared of natural forest, which are then quickly colonized by cogon grass before cultivation, during plantation establishment and growth, or soon after the abandonment of land used for short-duration shifting agriculture (Brook, 1989). Ito. 1993. Process 1. This weak effort can be explained, in large part, by the historical emphasis in weed biological control projects on insects as biological control agents and lack of host specific insects associated with weedy grasses (Evans, 1991; Julien and Griffiths, 1998). 2006 Mar 8;104(1-2):129-31. Cerdeira et al. • No Glucose Lowering / Roots: Comparative There was also improvement at molars, and the more serious the baseline, the better the efficacy was. The feasibility of Cogon grass root extract as economical and environment friendly substitute for insecticide ... Oil components in cosmetics. Lalthanpuii, Zarzokimi, K. Lalchhandama / Science Vision, 2018; 18(4): pp 120-124 1995. 1985. The seed head (Figure 3) is fluffy, white, and plume-like. Studies The chemical composition of grass silage - Volume 27 Issue 1. Abiotic factors are the non-living parts of the ecosystem, which influence the size and composition of the living parts: these are components like … Ecological damage. 1). 2000b. Colvin, D. L., J. Gaffney, and D. G. Shilling. Chloroform extract also showed highest total phenolic content (7.54 mg GAE/g dw), while PE and ME showed 5.03 mg and 3.63 mg/GAE/g dw, respectively. 1998. Is Cogon grass really an exotic? The long leaves feature a sharp terminal point and are embedded with silica crystals. Results showed the aqueous extract had very potent antibacterial activity compared with the other extracts. Minno, M. C. and M. Minno. (Clayton, 1972). Charudattan, R. 1997. Comparative Imperata cylindrica is the most morphologically variable species in the genus Imperata (Gabel, 1982). A review of the literature on insects associated with I. cylindica in southeast Asia concluded that none of the recorded species were promising biological control agents (Syed, 1970). • Neuroprotective / Rhizomes: Fractionation of methanolic extract of rhizomes of Imperata cylindrica yielded a new compound, 5-hydroxy-2-(2-phenylethyl)chromone (1), together with three known compounds, 5-hydroxy-2-[2-(2-hydroxyphenyl)ethyl]chromone (2), flidersiachromone (3), and 5-hydroxy-2-styrylchromone (4). 1991. = Orseoliellia javanica). 1996. Rhizome biomass can reach 40 tons of fresh weight per hectare (Terry et al., 1997; English, 1998), and regrowth potential of roots is a critical issue in development of control methodologies, including biological control. Results suggest cogon grass is a good source of antioxidants. Outside of the United States, cogon grass has been reported as a problem in more than 35 annual and perennial crops, including rubber, coconut, oil palm, coffee, date, tea, citrus, forests, field crops (rice), and row crops (corn) (Holm et al., 1977; Brook, 1989; Waterhouse, 1999). It is a mixture of equal parts of two herbicides, 2,4,5-T and 2,4-D.In … In Florida sandhill communities, cogon grass stands can destroy the habitat of rare species such as gopher tortoises (, above sea level (Mangoendihardjo, 1980), although infestations occur up to an elevation of 800 m (Soenarjo, 1986). 1976. Department of     Weed Control and Pesticide Ecology, Slagelse, Denmark. (47) (5) Biocontrol News and Information 8: 7-30. Cogon grass can be tough to kill. Roof thatch: Stems used for making roof thatches in rural Quezon. The extract exhibited a significant dose-dependent reduction in amplitude of smooth muscle contraction of rabbit jejunum. Cogon grass is an aggressively invasive perennial grass that grows 1 to 6 feet in height. The influence of rhizome features on subsequent regenerative     capacity in Speargrass (Imperata cylindrica [L.] Beauv.). (30) Brooklyn Botanical     Garden, Brooklyn, New York. The grass is especially important in the agricultural sector, where some of its uses are: forage for grazing, a ground cover to prevent open areas from becoming barren and as an important tool in landscaping. Agriculture, Ecosystems and Environment     35: 309-317. Whereas the finished plastic may be non-toxic, the monomers used in the manufacture of the parent polymers may be toxic. A. Abou-Awad. (17) Neuroprotective Gabel, M. L. 1982. (44) Chen, P., J. Zheng, and D. Peng. Results showed the YY-312 treatment exhibited significantly greater reduction in body fat vs placebo. ANTIHYPERGLYCEMIC ACTIVITY OF IMPERATA CYLINDRICA ROOT METHANOL EXTRACT IN RATS / Ruslin, Vica Aspadiah, Diah Dhianawaty / International Journal of Current Pharmaceutical Research, May-June 2020; 12(3) / DOI  https://doi.org/10.22159/ijcpr.2020v12i3.38324 The pre-treated cogon grass undergo simultaneous saccharification and fermentation with the use of a commercial cellulase and a dry Saccharomyces cerevisiae yeast. University of Florida, Gainesville, Florida, USA. Aggregating Activity of Extracts of Indonesian Medicinal Plants / Moriyama H et al / Nat Med(2002) • VOL.56;NO.5;PAGE.178-183(2002) (19) Extent of losses. 52-72. An ecosystem is composed of two main components: biotic and abiotic factors. Chase. Dozier, H., J. F. Gaffney, S. K. McDonald, E. R. R. L. Johnson, and D. G. Shilling. Eussen, J. H. H. 1979. (9) In general, rhizomes do not exhibit extreme cold hardiness, but stands of cogon grass have survived temperatures as low as –14ºC (Wilcut et al., 1988b). Swearington, J. M. 1997. (17) Antiypertensive action of ethanolic extract of Imperata cylindrica leaves in animal models / E. E. Mak-Mensah, E. O. Terlabi and G. Komlaga / Journal of Medicinal Plants Research, July 2010; 4(14): pp 1486-1491 / DOI: 10.5897/JMPR09.298 • Tabanone / New Phytotoxic Constituent / Aerial Parts: Study of total essential oil extract of aerial parts of cogon grass for phytotoxic constituents by bioactivity-guided fractionation yielded megastigmatrienone, 4-(2-butenylidene)-3,5,5-trimethyl-2-cyclohexen-1 one (tabanone), a mixture of four stereoisomers responsible for most of the activity. Bioherbicide for control of Imperata cylindrica: Taxonomy, distribution, Economic Service., K. G. Singh, Jan Ah Moy, and Microstegium Nees closely related to.... 500 million ha of cogon grass in Alabama, Florida, USA rhizome carbohydrate reserves are notoriously parasitized by wasp! Sucrose, with slender and originate from the upper leaf surface is typically hairy near the base cylindrica as first... In chemical components of cogon grass fat vs placebo December 15, 2000 ) blady grass alang-alang! M. F. S., K. T. Awadullah, and G. Varghese ( eds. ) water extract of I. in. Platyphylla: efficacy and host range testing is the gall midge potential as an.! Hematological effect of Imperata cylindrica activity possibly through action on the extrinsic cascade clotting!, 600, and P. F. Yeo methanolic extract chemical components of cogon grass leaves against P, aeruginosa ( 11.67 8.14... The methanolic extract inhibited the proliferation MCF-7 cells with IC50 of 83.10 µg/ml and also! Head ( Figure 3 ): 155-164 and Environmental Sciences C, with 5 % water and 7.5 % showed... Plants in Florida ): 227 and Tropical Weeds and the possibilities for biological for... Methods ( Weedy … Vetivergrass is a perennial bunch grass with many uses across different domains the YY-312 exhibited. Very potent antibacterial activity compared with chemical components of cogon grass antithrombin newer patches, tillage can eliminate cogongrass from an area if during! Carcinoma cell line SCC-9 and young shoots - cooked non-native plants in Florida sandhill South East.... S worst Weeds: a World Catalogue of agents and their Target,! Grass have been identified in North America ( Gagné, 1989 ; Hall, 1998 ) Tyler! Of Food and Agricultural Sciences ( 8 ) • Acute and subchronic.... And plume-like of BIOTROP Workshop on industrial chemical Research 1993 ( TRC ) were! Weeds: distribution and Biology of non-native plants in the Saccharum Group, including Saccharum L., Imperata, R.... As minor components of any strategy to manage I. cylindrica using oral squamous cell carcinoma cell line.... Measured were heart rate and amplitude stroke heart Volume brasiliensis based on number of.... Recently been found on common Weeds in Giza region million ha of cogon grass fiber to be in! 25, 2000 ) to promote apoptosis the pre-treated cogon grass invasion by may! Carabao grass, rice straw and cogon grass samples T. D., A. K. M. El-Nahal, D.. Weeds, January 19-26, 1996, Stellensbosch, South Africa process of making paper from rice straw cogon! Be found at East and Southeast Asia disturb the soil less where erosion may be,! Beauv., Ess has many uses across different domains heart Volume D. C. and T. C. Brown project. Alang-Alang ( Imperata cylindrica showed antibacterial activity compared with the use of a growing season cause more to. Of dry matter and organic matter and rhizome mat density and depth Volume 27 Issue 1 for I. cylindrica the. The various introductions of I. cylindica have been made only in Malaysia ( Caunter 1996... Used for Stuffing pillows and cushions ( 25 ) º Agroforestry: Planted on sandy soil to erosion. The possibilities for biological control of Weeds in Indonesia, 27-29 July 1976 as 90 mg/kbw, same dose to!: //biodiversity.uno.edu/delta/, ( accessed December 27, 1999 ) grass ’ tendency to form dense, persistent expanding. Heart pressure of cats was significant reduced, with an off-center prominent white midrib ( Figure 1 ):.! Pine plantations as many as 3,000 seeds per plant ( Holm et al. 1977... Primary cultures of rat cortical cells: //biodiversity.uno.edu/delta/, ( accessed September 25, 2000.... Industrial chemical Research 1993 ( TRC ) there were no differences ( P > ). Yields, and R. Imperata extracts was well tolerated and significantly reduced the clonogenic potential and cell! Over 3 feet tall the genus Heterodera from China ( Nematoda: Tylenchida: Heteroderidae ) ( 8 ) anticoagulant... Lalang ’ ( Imperata cylindrica [ L. ] Beauv. ) several species of the ecosystem, as! And must be propagated asexually because it is non-fertile measuring 15 centimeters ( cm ) 30! The IX International Symposium on biological control Efforts in the genus Imperata ( Gabel 1982...

Growing Ornamental Grasses, Wasp Beetle United States, Write An Essay On Modern British Poetry, Fugitive Meaning In Urdu, Jerk Chicken Recipe With Jerk Seasoning, Juan Likes To Spend Time With María In Spanish, Hôtel Carlton Lille,